Triticale – Intercropping


  • Intercropping can narrow weeds, thereby lessening competition with Triticale plants for nutrients, water, and sunlight
  • The root systems of intercropped species contribute to preventing soil erosion, maintaining soil structure, and fertility in the interrows
  • Intercrops add organic matter to the soil, which enriches soil health


  • If intercropping species are not carefully chosen, they can compete with Triticale plants for resources, resulting in reduced Triticale yields.
  • With the presence of highly invasive alien species such as Oxalis pes-caprae, the establishment of annual legume cover crops might be prevented.
  • While intercropping can offer benefits, the risk of create favourable conditions for pests and diseases in Triticale is very limited.


  • For successful intercropping with Triticale, choose intercropping plants that are well-suited to the same cultivation practices and environments as Triticale. Early flowering legume commercial varieties are suggested, in order ensures they will complement, not compete, with the Triticale for resources. The destination of the triticale (grain or hay) and its possible utilization (e.g., for grazing) are also crucial considerations
  • Cover crops intercropped with Triticale do not need to be terminated. On the contrary, legume seed production and related input to legume soil seed bank is another benefit.
  • According to specific contexts, mix of diverse species can be selected to improve soil biodiversity, nutrient cycling, and weed suppression.